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HomeBankNavigating new overdraft payment steering for group banks – Unbiased Banker

Navigating new overdraft payment steering for group banks – Unbiased Banker

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The CFPB not too long ago issued new steering on overdraft charges that was unanticipated by group banks. Study what this implies for the trade and the way group banks can keep in compliance.

By Mary Thorson Wright

In October 2022, President Biden introduced a crackdown on so-called junk charges, together with new steps that successfully ban banks from imposing disclosed overdraft charges. Concurrently, the Client Monetary Safety Bureau (CFPB) issued Round 2022-06 steering on “unanticipated overdraft payment evaluation practices,” which complies with TILA, EFTA, Regulation Z, Regulation E and the prohibition in opposition to unfair, misleading, and abusive acts or practices (UDAAP) in Part 1036 of the Client Monetary Safety Act (CFPA).

Banks provide quite a lot of services or products designed to permit overdrafts on deposit accounts, together with:

  • Traces of credit score
  • A sweep of funds from one other deposit account of the shopper
  • A courtesy interval throughout which the shopper can clear the overdraft
  • An advert hoc resolution to pay or not pay the overdrawn quantity, or another mixture of allowances

Whatever the kind, the financial institution might select to additionally impose a beforehand disclosed payment upon the overdrawn transactions as a deterrent to future exercise or to cowl prices incidental to administering this system. Price disclosures are sometimes supplied at account opening, the graduation of an overdraft function, a change in phrases associated to the overdraft or account program, and some other subsequent disclosure set off. Sound compliance administration requires constant written disclosures, procedures and precise practices.

Overdraft packages profit clients by serving to guarantee transactions are nonetheless processed and {that a} payee isn’t notified relating to the shopper’s account stability. Financial institution regulators have issued steering and expressed issues about how banks administer overdraft packages and the charges which might be charged to clients. In March 2022, the CFPB famous in its weblog that “overdraft charges can value individuals out of banking.”

The overdraft payment round’s results

Of late, the CFPB has been taking regulatory actions utilizing novel instruments together with interpretive guidelines, advisory opinions and circulars, quite than formal rule adjustments. The round is an instance of this less-formal method.

“The Round will certainly have a regulatory impression on group banks, even with out the supervisory oversight of the CFPB.”
—Rhonda Thomas-Whitley, ICBA

“The substance of the round and likewise the style during which it was established are of concern,” says Mickey Marshall, ICBA AVP and regulatory counsel. “ICBA believes this transformation ought to have been performed via the rulemaking course of. The round was unanticipated by the trade, and the general public and the trade didn’t get the chance to supply suggestions or to contemplate its impression previous to implementation. The method didn’t promote transparency or give banks the chance to remark or clarify their place previous to implementation.”

How the round will have an effect on group banks isn’t totally clear. “The CFPB workouts direct supervision and examinations for banks with complete property over $10 billion, whereas most group banks are straight supervised by the FDIC, Federal Reserve or OCC,” Marshall says. “Whereas the CFPB round will not be technically binding on the opposite federal financial institution regulators, group banks want to contemplate that the publication and promotion of the round isn’t taking place in a vacuum. It’s cheap to consider that examiners from these businesses might start to use this mannequin for unanticipated overdraft charges of their group financial institution examinations.”

Rhonda Thomas-Whitley, ICBA vice chairman and regulatory counsel, agrees: “The round will certainly have a regulatory impression on group banks, even with out the supervisory oversight of the CFPB.”

Whereas group banks have provided overdraft safety to their clients for many years and have been topic to compliance monitoring, inner and exterior audits, and federal and state financial institution examinations, the CFPB’s overdraft payment round and public statements by the Biden administration now topic their packages to a change in requirements.

“Examiners have scrutinized account disclosures, payment schedules, financial institution procedures and data of overdraft charges for years,” Thomas-Whitley says. “Now it seems that those self same disclosures, payment schedules and their related implementation will not be enough. It’s troublesome to conceive that overdraft charges and practices are unanticipated after they have been so completely disclosed to clients and vetted by examiners.”

On the time of writing, CFPB had issued the primary report of enforcement underneath the round.

“Group banks have been devoted to complete critiques of their disclosures and procedures for years,” Whitley says. “Banks have discovered themselves in a scenario the place they’re following the principles however are being scrutinized by the identical businesses that make the principles. How will we seize and consider what’s going to fall with the subsequent shoe?

“Bankers are put within the place of monitoring tendencies and accessible steering however could also be in a holding sample to see how they play out from anecdotal suggestions or issuances from CFPB or their main federal financial institution regulators.”

ICBA’s response to the overdraft payment round

In response to President Biden’s remarks and launch of CFPB Round 2022-6, ICBA president and CEO Rebeca Romero Rainey issued an announcement in assist of overdraft safety companies provided to financial institution clients. She famous that the president’s feedback mischaracterize the companies group banks provide their clients for crucial monetary options and safeguards, and that the charges related to packages are totally disclosed to clients. In November 2022, ICBA submitted a written response to CFPB director Rohit Chopra in regards to the round. Go to for extra info.

Mary Thorson Wright is a author in Virginia.



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